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PCH-004

彰化文蛤養殖漁業利益關係人面對淹水危害時的調適能力

Investigating the Adaptation Capacity of Stakeholders Clam Farming Faced Flooding – A Case Study in Changhua City

陳幼恩

國立高雄科技大學漁業生產與管理系

侯清賢

國立高雄科技大學漁業生產與管理系

陳永明

國家災害防救科技中心

賴繼昌

行政院農業委員會水產試驗所沿近海資源研究中心

  氣候變遷為全球養殖漁業帶來劇烈衝擊,如連續性高溫引發水質急劇惡化;極端強降雨事件引發池水鹽度變化強烈,或產生養殖魚塭溢堤;乾旱造成漁民於災後取水不易等問題。為維持養殖漁業可永續經營,需透過產官學界共同合作,研擬出適宜之調適方案。本研究以臺灣氣候變遷推估資訊與調適知識平台所提出之六個調適構面中的先行構面,透過文獻蒐整、歷史災害回顧與田野調查和利益關係人深度訪談等方式,界定目前臺灣養殖漁業中,受氣候危害影響較嚴重之區域與議題進行探討,從而選出彰化區域之文蛤養殖漁業與淹水氣候危害議題。並前往彰化芳苑地區進行實地勘查,訪問文蛤產業利益關係人對淹水議題的看法與在養殖上所採取的作為。本研究將文蛤養殖業者所採取之調適作為經過綜整盤點與分析後,發現目前文蛤業者對於面臨淹水危害時之調適能力仍普遍不足,當面臨極端強降雨時,僅有少數業者能成功避災,多數業者仍會發生嚴重損失。當前現有養殖產險中無包含文蛤物種,缺乏像漁業保險等軟性措施,使漁民難以抗衡氣候災害。在未來氣候變遷影響加劇下,若地方產業韌性不足,將導致養殖漁業無法永續經營。


關鍵詞:文蛤養殖漁業、利益關係人、氣候變遷、淹水

Investigating the Adaptation Capacity of Stakeholders Clam Farming Faced Flooding – A Case Study in Changhua City

  The impact of climate change on the aquaculture industry includes deterioration of water quality due to continuous high temperature events; extreme rainfall that causes drastic changes in the salinity of aquaculture pond water or may lead to flooding of aquaculture ponds. To ensure the sustainable development of aquaculture, government and the industry need develop adaptation strategy cooperatively. An assessment of the historical hazards and collected the knowledge which farmers used to avoid risks of the industry is an important preparation work to develop a suitable adaptation strategy. In this study, the six adaptation components proposed by the Taiwan Climate Change Projection Information and Adaptation Knowledge Platform (TCCIP) were used to select the area and issue that are more severely affected by climate hazards in Taiwan's aquaculture through literature collection, historical disaster review, stakeholder in-depth interviews and finally selected the clam aquaculture in Changhua area with the flooding hazard. Nevertheless, we used the field surveys and had in-depth interview with the clam framers. The results show the flooding had been destroyed the clam farming led the farmer loss. Until the end of this research, the way to adapt flooding which only rely on the farmer operation. And it seen like that not enough to reduce the extreme flooding. To ensure the clam aquaculture sustainable development, more method for adapt flooding is completely need. 


Keywords: Clam Aquaculture, Stakeholders, Climate change, Flood

​發表場次資訊

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3:35 PM-4:55 PM